Samacheer Kalvi 6th History Term 3 Unit 4 Social Book Back Question and Answers:
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History – Term 3 Unit 4
South Indian Kingdoms
I. Choose the correct answer:
1. Who among the following built the VaikundaPerumai temple?
(a) Narasimhavarma II
(b) Nandivarma II
Answer: (b) Nandivarma II
2. Which of the following titles were the titles of Mahendra Varma I?
(b) Vichitra Chitta
(d) all the three
Answer: (d) all the three
3. Which of the following inscriptions describes the victories of Pulakesin II ?
Answer: (a) Aihole
II. Read the statement and tick the appropriate answer :
1. Statement I: Pallava art shows transition from rock-cut monolithic structure to stone built temple.
Statement II: Kailasanatha temple at Kanchipuram is an example of Pallava art and architecture.
a. Statement I is wrong.
b. Statement II is wrong,
c. Both the statements are correct
d. Both the statements are wrong.
Answer: (c) Both the statements are correct
2. Consider Hie’s following statement! about Pallava Kingdom.
Statement I: Tamil literature flourished under Pallava rule, with the rise in popularity of Thevaram composed by Appar.
Statement II : Pallava King Mahendi avarman was the author of the play MattavilasaPrahasana.
a. I only
b. II only
c. Both I and II
d. Neither I nor II
Answer: b. II only
3. Consider the following statements about the Rashtrakuta dynasty and find out which of the following statements are correct.
- It was founded by Dantidurga.
- Amogavarsha wrote Kavirajmarga.
- Krishna I built the Kailasanatha temple at Ellora.
a. 1 only
b. 2 and 3
c. 1 and 3
d. all the three
Answer: (d) all the three
4. Which of the following is not a correct pair?
a. Ellore caves – Rashtrakutas
b. Mamallapuram – Narasimhavarma I
c. Elephanta caves – Ashoka
d. Pattadakal – Chalukyas
Answer: (c) Elephanta caves – Ashoka
5. Find out the wrong pair
a. Dandin – Dasakumara Charitam
b. Vatsyaya – Bharathavenba
c. Bharavi – Kirataijuneeyam
d. Amogavarsha – Kavirajamarga
Answer: b. Vatsyaya – Bharathavenba
III. Fill in the blanks :
- _______ defeated Harsha Vardhana on the banks of the river Narmada.
- _______ destroyed Vatapi and assumed the title Vatapikondan
- _______ was the author of Aihole Inscription.
- _______ was the army general of Narasimhavarma I.
- The music inscriptions in _______ and _______ show Pallavas’ interest in music.
- Pulakesin II
- Kudumianmalai, Thirumayam temples
IV. Match the following:
- Pallavas – a. Kalyani
- Eastern Chalukyas – b. Manyakheta
- Western Chalukyas – c. Kanchi
- Rashtrakutas – d. Vengi
V. State True or False :
- The famous musician Rudracharya lived during Mahendravarma I.
- The greatest king of the Rashtrakuta dynasty was Pulakesin II.
- Mamallapuram is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
- Thevaram was composed by Azhwars.
- The Virupaksha temple was built on the model of Kanchi Kailasanatha Temple.
VI. Answer in one or two sentences:
1. Name the three gems of Kannada literature.
The three gems of Kannada literature were Pampa, Sri Ponna and Raima.
2. How can we classify the Pallava architecture?
- Rock – cut temples
- Mahendravarman style
- Monolithic Rathas and sculptural Mandapas – Mamallan Style
- Structural Temples – Rajasimhan style and Nandivarman style
3. What do you know of Gatika?
- Gatika means monastery or Centre of learning.
- It was popular during the Pallava times at Kanchi.
- It attracted students from all parts of India and abroad.
- Vatsyaya who wrote Nyaya Bhashya was a teacher at kanchi (Gatika). Panchapandavar rathas are monolithic rathas. Explain.
4. Panchapandavar rathas are monolithic rathas. Explain
- The five rathas (chorits), Popularly called panchapandavar rathes, signify five different style of temple architecture.
- Each rather has been carved out of a single rock.
- So they are called monolithic.
5. Make a note on Battle of Takkolam.
- Krishna III was the last able ruler of Rashtrakuta dynasty,
- He defeated the Cholas in the battle of Takkolam (presently in Vellore Dt) and captured Thanjavur.
VII. Answer the following :
1. Examine Pallavas’ contributions to architecture.
- Pallava period is known for architectural splendour.
- Pallava’s architecture can be classified as
- Rock-cut temples – Mahendravarman style.
- Monlithic Rathas and Sculptural Mandapas – Mamallan style.
- Structural Temples – Rajasimhan style and Nandivarman style.
1. Mahendravarman Style:
The best example of MahendraVarma style monuments are cave temples at Mandagapattu, Mahendravadi, Mamandur, Dalavanur, Tiruchirapalli, Vallam, Tirukazhukkundram and Siyamangalam.
2. Mamalla Style:
- The five rathas (chariots), popularly called Panchapandavar rathas, signify five different style of temple architecture.
- Each ratha has been carved out of a single rock.
- So they are called monolithic.
- The popular mandapams they built are Mahishasuramardhini mandapam, Thirumoorthi mandapam and Varaha mandapam.
- The most important among the Mamalla style of architecture is the open art gallery.
3. Rajasimha Style and Nandivarma Style :
- Narasimhavarma II, also known as Rajasimha, constructed structural temples using stone blocks.
- The best example of the structural temple is Kailasanatha temple at Kanchipuram.
- This temple was built by using sand stones.
- Kailasanatha temple is called Rajasimheswaram.
- The last stage of the Pallava architecture is also represented by structural temples built by the later Pallavas.
- The best example is Vaikunda Perumal temple at Kanchipuram.
2. Write a note on Elephanta island and Kailasanatha temple at Ellora.
- Elephanta is an island near Mumbai. It is originally known as Sripuri and the local people called Gharapuri.
- The Portuguese named it as Elephanta after seeing the image.
- The Trimurthi Siva icon and the images of dwarapalakas are seen in the cave temple.
Kailasanatha temple at Ellora:
- Krishna I built Kailasanatha temple. It was one of the 30 temples carved out at Ellora.
- The temple covers an area of over 60,000 sq.feet and vimanam rises to a height of 90 feet.
- It portrays typical Dravidian features and has a resemblance of the shore temple at Mamllapuram.