7th History Term 3 Unit 2 Book Back Solutions

Samacheer Kalvi 7th History Term 3 Unit 2 Social Book Back Question and Answers:

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Samacheer Kalvi 7th Social Book Back Unit 2 Term 3 Answers/Solutions Guide PDF:

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History – Term 3 Unit 2

Art and Architecture of Tamil Nadu


I. Choose the correct answer:

1. Which is the oldest structural temple in south India?
(a) Shore Temple
(b) Mandagapattu
(c) Kailasanatha Temple
(d) Vaikuntha Perumal Temple
Answer: (a) Shore Temple

2. In which year were the Mamallapuram monuments and temples notified as a UNESCO world Heritage site?
(a) 1964
(b) 1994
(c) 1974
(d) 1984
Answer: (d) 1984

3. What was the special feature of the architecture of early Chola period?
(a) bas-reliefs
(b) vimanas
(c) corridors
(d) gopurams
Answer: (b) vimanas

4. Where is the Azhakiya Nambi Temple situated?
(a) Tirukkurungudi
(b) Madurai
(c) Tirunelveli
(d) Srivilliputhur
Answer: (a) Tirukkurungudi

5. Who built the Vaikuntha Perumal Temple?
(a) Mahendravarman
(b) Narasimhavarman
(c) Rajasimha
(d) Rajarajall
Answer: (b) Narasimhavarman

II. Fill in the Blanks:

  1. _______ was the first rock-cut cave temple built by the Pallava king Mahendravarman.
  2. The early Chola architecture followed the style of _______
  3. The most celebrated mandapam in Madurai Meenakshiamman temple is the _______
  4. Later Chola period was known for beautiful _______
  5. Vijayanagar periods unique feature is the _______


  1. Mandagapattu temple
  2. Sembian Mahadevi
  3. Pudumandapam
  4. gopurams
  5. mandapam

III. Match the following:

Seven Pagodas Madurai
Rathi mandapam Darasuram
Iravatheswara temple Tirukkurungudi
Adinatha Temple Shore temple
Pudumandapam Azhwar Tirunagari


Seven Pagodas Shore temple
Rathi mandapam Tirukkurungudi
Iravatheswara temple Darasuram
Adinatha Temple Azhwar Tirunagari
Pudumandapam Madurai

IV. Find out the wrong pair/pairs:

Question 1.
1. Krishnapuram Temple – Tirunelveli
2. Kudalazhagar Temple – Azhwar Tirunagari
3. Sethupathis – Feudatories of Madurai Nayaks
4. Jalagandeshwara temple – Vellore
Answer: 2. Kudalazhagar Temple – Azhwar Tirunagari

Question 2.
Assertion (A): The predominance of corridors of Rameswaram Temple is striking.
Reason (R): The Temple has the largest set of corridors in the world.
(a) R is not the correct explanation of A
(b) R is the correct explanation of A
(c) A is correct but R is wrong
(d) Both A and R are wrong
Answer: (b) R is the correct explanation of A

Question 3. Find the odd one out:
Srivilliputhur, Azhaharkoil, Srirangam, Kanchipuram, Tiruvannamalai.
Answer: Kanchipuram

Question 4. Name the epoch of the following:
(a) A.D. 600 to 850 – The Pallava Epoch
(b) A.D. 850 to 1100 – Early Chola Epoch
(c) A.D. 1100 to 1350 – Later Chola Epoch
(d) A.D. 1350 to 1600 – Vijayanagara / Nayak Epoch

Question 5. Find out the correct statement/s:
1) The Arjunas Penance is carved out of a granite boulder.
2) Meenakshi Amman temple in Madurai represents Pallava’s architectural style.
3) The cave temple at Pillayarpatti is a contribution of Later Pandyas.
4) The Sethupathis as feudatories of Madurai Nayaks contributed to Madurai Meenakshiamman Temple.
(1) The Arjuna’s Penance is carved out of a granite boulder
(3) The cave temple at Pillayarpatti is a contribution of Later Pandyas

V. State true or false:

  1. Rajasimha built the Kanchi Kailasanatha temple.
  2. Early Pandyas were the contemporaries of Later Cholas.
  3. Rock-cut and structural temples are significant parts of the Pandya architecture.
  4. Brihadeeshwara temple was built by Rajendra Chola.
  5. Vijayanagar and Nayak paintings are seen at temple at Dadapuram.


  1. True
  2. False
  3. True
  4. True
  5. False

VI. Give short answers:

1. Write a note on Pancha Pandava Rathas.

  1. The Tamil Dravida tradition is exemplified by rock-cut monuments such as Pancha Pandava Rathas, namely Draupadi ratha, Dharmaraja ratha, Bheema ratha, Arjuna ratha and Nagula- Sahadeva ratha.
  2. The outer walls of the rathas, especially of Arjuna, Bhima and Dharmaraja, are decorated with niches and motifs.
  3. The niches have the sculptures of gods, goddesses, monarchs and scenes from mythology.

2. Throw light on the paintings of Sittanavasal.

  1. Caves at Sittanavasal, have outstanding early Pandya paintings.
  2. Sittanavasal was a residential cave of the Jain monks. They painted the walls with fresco painting.
  3. The lotus pond is notable for its excellent execution of colours and exposition of the scene.
  4. The image of lotus flowers, leaves spread all over the pond, animals, elephants, buffalos, swans and a man who plucks the flowers look brilliant.

3. Point out the special features of Thanjavur Big temple.

  1. At the time the Big Temple of Thanjavur was constructed, it was a huge temple complex.
  2. The 216 feet vimana (structure over the garbhagriha) is notable as it is one among the tallest man-made shikaras of the world.
  3. Due to its massive height, the shikara is called the Dakshina Meru.
  4. The huge bull statue (Nandi) measures about 16 feet long and 13 feet height and is carved out of a single rock.

4. Highlight the striking features of Rameswaram Temple.

  1. In the temple of Rameswaram, the predominance of corridors is striking.
  2. This temple has the longest set of corridors in the world. The temple has three sets of corridors.
  3. The outer set of the temples corridors has a height of almost 7 metres and stretches for about 120 metres in both the eastern and western directions.
  4. The outer corridor is also remarkable for the number of pillars that support it, which is over 1200 in number.
  5. Moreover, many of these pillars are decorated by ornate carvings.

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