Samacheer Kalvi 8th Social Science Geography Chapter 6

Samacheer Kalvi 8th Social Geography Chapter 6 Answers Solutions:

Samacheer Kalvi 8th Standard New Social Science Book Back 1 Mark and 2 Mark Question & Answers PDF uploaded and available below. 8th standard new Syllabus 2022 to 2023 Book Back Question & Answer available for both English and Tamil Mediums. Samacheer Kalvi Class 8 Social Geography Book Chapter 6 Industries Answers/Solutions in English are provided on this page. 8th Std New Social History Book consists of 08 units, Geography Book consists of 08 units, Civics book portion consists of 07 units, Economics book portion consists of 02 units, All Social Book Back One, and Two Mark Answers/Solutions are given below.




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Samacheer Kalvi 8th Social Science Book Back Solutions Guide:

Samacheer Kalvi  8th std Social Subject 1 Mark and 2 Mark Solutions PDF available below. Click the Download option to download the book back 1 Mark & 2 Mark questions and Solutions/Answers. Take the printout and use it for exam purposes. Samacheer Kalvi 8th Social Science Geography Chapter 6 Questions and Answers is given below.

Social Geography Book Back Solution

Chapter 6 – Industries

 

I. Choose the correct answer:

1. Silk weaving and house hold industries come under the category of ……………
(a) Small scale industry
(b) Large scale industry
(c) Marine based industry
(d) Capital intensive industry
Answer: (a) Small scale industry

2. On the basis of ownership the industry can be divided into ………….. types.
(a) 2
(b) 3
(c) 4
(d) 5
Answer: (c)4

3. Amul dairy industry is best example of ………….. sector.
(a) Private Sector
(b) Public Sector
(c) Co-operative Sector
(d) Joint Sector
Answer: (c) Co-operative sector

4. Iron and Steel and Cement Industries are the examples of ………….. industries.
(a) Agro based
(b) Mineral based
(c) Forest based
(d) Marine based
Answer: (b) Mineral based

5. Tertiary activity is divided into ………….. types
(a) 4
(b) 3
(c) 2
(d) 5
Answer: (c) 2

II. Fill in the Blanks:

  1. Banking is a ………….. economic activity.
  2. Tertiary activity is divided into ………….. and …………..
  3. Government decision making process comes under the ………….. category of tertiary economic activity.
  4. Raw material based perspective Cotton Textile industry is a ………….. industry.
  5. Capital required for establishing a large scale industry is,more than ……………

Answer:

  1. Tertiary
  2. Quaternary/Quinary
  3. Quinary
  4. Agro based
  5. one crore

III. Match the following:

  1. Judicial sector           – Private Sector
  2. TV telecasts                – Non Geographical factor
  3. Geographical factor  – Quaternary activity
  4. Capital                         – Raw materials
  5. Bajaj Auto                   – Quinary activity

Answer:

  1. Judicial sector              – Quinary activity
  2. TV telecasts                  – Quaternary activity
  3. Geographical factor    – Raw materials
  4. Capital                           – Non Geographical factor
  5. Bajaj Auto                     – Private Sector




IV. Distinguish the following:

1. Secondary economic activity and tertiary economic activity.
Answer:
1. Secondary economic activity:

  • Secondary activities are those that change raw materials into usable products through processing and manufacturing.
  • Bakeries that make flour into bread and factories that change metals and plastics into vehicles are examples of secondary activities.

2. Tertiary economic activity:

  • Tertiary economic activities are those that provide essential services and support the industries to function. Often it is called service industries.
  • It includes the transportation, finance, utilities, education, housing, medical and other services.

2. Agro based and marine based industries.
Answer:
1. Agro based industries:

  • These industries use plant and animal based products as their raw materials.
  • Example; Food Processing, Vegetable Oil, Cotton Textile, Dairy Products, etc.

2. Marine based Industries:

  • These industries use products from the sea and oceans as raw materials.
  • Example; Processed Sea Food, Fish Oil manufacturing units etc.

3. Large scale industries and small scale industries.
Answer:
1. Large scale industries:

  • The capital required for the establishment of an industry is more than one crore the industry is called as large scale industry.
  • Iron and steel, Oil refineries, Cement and Textile industries are the best examples for large scale industries.

2. Small scale Industries:

  • The capital required for the establishment of an industry is less than one crore, the industry is called as small scale industry.
  • Silk weaving and household industries belong to this category.

V. Answer briefly:

1. Define industry.
Answer:
It is a process by which the raw materials are changed into finished products.

2. What is meant by economic activity?
Answer:
Any action that involves in the production, distribution, consumption or services is an economic activity.

3. Name the major economic activities.
Answer:

  • Primary economic activity
  • Secondary economic activity
  • Tertiary economic activity.

4. What are the secondary economic activities? Give some examples.
Answer:

  1. Secondary activities are those that change raw materials into usable products through processing and manufacturing.
  2. Bakeries that make flour into bread and factories that change metals and plastics into vehicles are examples of secondary activities.

5. What is Quinary activity? Elucidate with an example.
Answer:
The activity refers to the high-level decision-making processes by executives in various departments.
eg: council of minister

6. Name the factors responsible for the location of industries.
Answer:
The locational factors of industries are grouped into.

  1. Geographical factors and
  2. Non-Geographical factors

1. Geographical factors include:

  • Raw Materials
  • Power
  • Labour
  • Transport
  • Storage and Warehousing
  • Topography
  • Climate and
  • Water resources.

2. Non-Geographical factors include:

  • Capital
  • Availability of loans and
  • Government Policies / Regulations.

7. Write a short note on the following:

  1. Large scale Industries
  2. Small scale industries

Answer:
1) Large scale industries
The capital required for the establishment of an industry is more than one crore.
2) Small scale industries
The Capital required for the establishment of an industry is less than one crore.

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