Samacheer Kalvi 8th Social Science History Chapter 6

Samacheer Kalvi 8th Social History Chapter 6 Answers Solutions:

Samacheer Kalvi 8th Standard New Social Science Book Back 1 Mark and 2 Mark Question & Answers PDF uploaded and available below. 8th standard new Syllabus 2022 to 2023 Book Back Question & Answer available for both English and Tamil Mediums. Samacheer Kalvi Class 8 Social History Book Chapter 6 Development of Industries in India Answers/Solutions in English are provided on this page. 8th Std New Social History Book consists of 08 units, Geography Book consists of 08 units, Civics book portion consists of 07 units, Economics book portion consists of 02 units, All Social Book Back One, and Two Mark Answers/Solutions are given below.

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Samacheer Kalvi 8th Social Science Book Back Solutions Guide:

Samacheer Kalvi  8th std Social Subject 1 Mark and 2 Mark Solutions PDF available below. Click the Download option to download the book back 1 Mark & 2 Mark questions and Solutions/Answers. Take the printout and use it for exam purposes. Samacheer Kalvi 8th Social Science History Chapter 6 Questions and Answers is given below.

Social History Book Back Solution

Chapter 6 – Development of Industries in India


I. Choose the correct answer

1. Which of the following activities of the people will not come under handy craft?
(a) Carving statues out of stone
(b) Making bangles with glass
(c) Weaving silk sarees
(d) Smelting of iron
(d) Smelting of Iron

2. The oldest industry in India was ……….. industry.
(a) Textile
(b) Steel
(c) Electrical
(d) Fertilizers
(a) Textile

3. The woolen and leather factories became prominent in …………
(a) Bombay
(b) Ahmadabad
(c) Kanpur
(d) Decca
(c) Kanpur

4. What was the aim of the first Three Five year Plans of India?
(a) To control population growth
(b) To reduce the illiteracy rate
(c) To built a strong industrial base
(d) To empower the women
(c) To built a strong industrial base

5. What was not the reason for the decline of Indian Industries?
(a) Loss of royal patronage
(b) Competition of machine-made goods
(c) Industrial policy of India
(d) Trading policy of British
(c) Industrial policy of India

II. Fill in the Blanks

  1. ……….. was an integral part of the life of the people.
  2. The industrial revolution took place in …………
  3. The Assam Tea Company was founded in ………………
  4. The jute industry was started in the Hoogly Valley at ………. near Calcutta.
  5. ………… shortened the distance between Europe and India.


  1. Craft
  2. 1948
  3. 1939
  4. Rishra
  5. Suez Canal

III. Match the following

  1. Tavernier             – Drain Theory
  2. Dacca                    – Paper mill
  3. Dadabai Naoroji – Artisan
  4. Ballygunj             – Muslin
  5. Smiths                  – French traveller


1 – v; 2 – iv; 3 – i; 4 – ii; 5 – iii

IV. State True or False

  1. India was famous for cotton and silk cloths.
  2. The railway was introduced in India by the British.
  3. Steel was first manufactured by modem methods at Jamshedpur.
  4. The industrial policy of 1948, brought a mixed economy in the industrial sector.
  5. The tenth and eleventh five-year plans witnessed a high growth rate of Agricultural production.


  1. True
  2. True
  3. False
  4. True
  5. False

V. Consider the following statements and tick the appropriate answer:

1. Which of the following statements are correct?
(i) According to Edward Baines, ‘The birthplace of cotton manufacture is in England’.
(ii) Before mechanised industry handicrafts were the second-largest source of employment in rural India.
(iii) Saurashtra was known for the tin industry.
(iv) Construction of the Suez Canal made British goods cheaper in India.

(a) i and ii are correct
(b) ii and iv are correct
(c) iii and iv are correct
(d) i, ii and iii are correct
(b) ii and iv are correct

2. Assertion (A): Indian handicrafts collapsed under the colonial rule.
Reason (R): British made India the producer of raw materials and markets for their finished products.
(a) A is correct R is the correct explanation of A
(b) A is correct and R is not the correct explanation of A
(c) Both A and R are correct
(d) Both A and R is wrong
(c) Both A and R are correct

3. Which one of the following is wrongly matched?
(a) Bernier                                – Shajahan
(b) Cotton mill                         – Ahmedabad
(c) TISCO                                  – Jamshedpur
(d) Economic Liberalisation – 1980
(d) Economic Liberalisation – 1980

VI. Answer the following in one or two sentences

1. What are the traditional handicrafts industries of India?
It is seen in the field of textile, woodwork, ivory, stone cutting, leather, etc.

2. Write about the Drain theory.
The Drain theory of Dadabai Naoroji was the first to acknowledge that the poverty of the Indian people was due to the British exploitation of India’s resources and the drain of India’s wealth to Britain.

3. Name the inventions which made the production of textiles on large scale?
The invention of the spinning mule and spinning Jenny made the production of textiles on large scale.

4. Write a short note on the Confederation of Indian Industry.

  1. The Confederation of Indian Industry is a business association in India.
  2. CIT is a non – Govemment, not – for – profit, industry-led and industry – managed organisation.
  3. It was founded in 1985.

5. What is de-industrialisation?
The process of disruption of traditional Indian crafts and a decline in national income has been referred to as de-industrialization.

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