Samacheer Kalvi 9th Social Geography Chapter 3 Answers Solutions:
Samacheer Kalvi 9th Standard New Social Science Book Back 1 Mark and 2 Mark Question & Answers PDF uploaded and available below. 9th standard new Syllabus 2022 to 2023 Book Back Question & Answer available for both English and Tamil Mediums. Samacheer Kalvi Class 9 Social Geography Book Chapter 3 Atmosphere Answers/Solutions in English are provided on this page. 9th Std New Social History Book consists of 11 units, Geography Book consists of 8 units, Civics book portion consists of 6 units, Economics book portion consists of 5 units, All Social Science Book Back One, and Two Mark Answers/Solutions are given below.
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Samacheer Kalvi 9th Social Science Book Back Solutions Guide:
Samacheer Kalvi 9th std Social History Subject 1 Mark and 2 Mark Solutions PDF available below. Click the Download option to download the book back 1 Mark & 2 Mark questions and Solutions/Answers. Take the printout and use it for exam purposes. Samacheer Kalvi 9th Social Science Geography Chapter 3 is given below.
Social Geography Book Back Solution
Chapter 3 – Atmosphere
I. Choose the Best Answer.
1. …………… is the most important gas for the survival of living
Answer: (c) oxygen
2. The lowest layer of the atmosphere is ……………
Answer: (a) Troposphere
3. …………. reflects radio waves.
Answer: (c) Mesosphere
4. The average global surface temperature is …………….
Answer: (b) 13°c
5. The process of change of state of water from gaseous to liquid state is called ……………..
Answer: (d) condensation
6. The …………… is the chief energy source of the Earth.
Answer: (a) Sun
7. All types of clouds are found in the ……………….
Answer: (a) Troposphere
8. …………….. clouds are called ‘Sheep clouds’.
Answer: (a) Alto-cumulus
9. The Monsoons are ……………
(a) Prevailing winds
(b) Periodic winds
(c) local winds
(d) none of the above
Answer: (b) Periodic winds
10. Dew in the form of ice crystals is called ………….
Answer: (d) sleet
11. ……………. is called the eye of the storm.
Answer: (c) cyclones
12. The vertical movement of air is called ……………
(c) Air current
Answer: (c) Air current
II. Match the following:
1. Meteorology — wind speed
2. Climatology — direction of the wind
3. Anemometer — cirrus
4. Wind Vane — study of climate
5. Mare’s Tail — study of weather
6. Leeward side — Australia
7. Willy willy — rain shadow region
III. Answer the following briefly.
1. Define the atmosphere.
The blanket of air that surrounds the Earth is called the atmosphere.
2. Name the different atmospheric layers.
The different atmospheric layers are Troposphere* Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Thermosphere, and Exosphere.
3. Mention the factors that affect the climate.
The factors that affect the climate are
- Distance from the equator
- Nearness to the sea
- Nature of the prevailing winds
- Mountain barrier
- Cloud cover
- Ocean currents
- Natural vegetation
4. What is insulation?
The amount of heat received from the sun in the form of short waves is called insulation (or) incoming Solar Radiation.
5. What are isotherms?
- Isotherms are imaginary lines drawn on maps, connecting points that have equal temperatures. .
- Temperature varies from place to place, season to season and continent to continent.
6. Write a short note on ‘Lapse rate’.
- Altitude refers to the height above sea level.
- The temperature decreases at the rate of 1°C far every 165 mts of height. This is called “Normal Lapse rate”.
7. What are the processes responsible for heating the atmosphere?
The processes responsible for heating the atmosphere are Radiation, Conduction, Convection and Advection.
8. Mention the planetary wind system of the earth.
The winds which constantly blow in the same direction throughout the year are called the planetary winds. They are also called as permanent winds (or) the prevailing winds.
9. Write a short note on:
(a) Trade winds (b) Roaring Forties
(a) Trade winds:
- Trade winds blow from the subtropical high pressure belt to the Equatorial low pressure belt in both the hemispheres.
- They blow with great regularity, force and in a constant direction throughout the year. They are very helpful to the traders.
(b) Roaring forties:
- Westerlies are the permanent winds.
- They blow from South West to North East in the Northern hemisphere and North West to South East in the Southern hemisphere.
- The velocity of westerlies become so vigourous and fast to be called Roaring forties at 40°.
10. How are clouds formed?
- Large amount of water evaporates each day from the surface of the Sea.
- This is the principal source of atmospheric moisture.
- Cool moisture laden air, gets collected around particles like dust, salt content from the sea, smoke, etc, and forms clouds.
- Sometimes mixing warmer and cooler air also produces clouds.
11. What are the different types of rainfall?
Based on the mechanisms of raising the air, there are three types of rainfall.
- Convectional rainfall
- Frontal (or) cyclonic rainfall
- Orographic rainfall
12. What is Precipitation? What are the different forms of precipitation?
- Falling down of condensed water vapour in different forms is called Precipitation.
- The main forms of precipitation are Drizzle, rain, sleet, snow, hail, etc.
13. Write short notes on:
a. Drizzle b. rain c. sleet d. snow e. heat
- Falling of numerous uniform minute droplets of water with diameter of less than 0.5 is called a drizzle mm from low clouds.
- Sometimes drizzles are combined with fog and hence reduce visibility.
- Rain is the most widespread and important form of precipitation in places having temperatures above the freezing point.
- It occurs only when there is abundant moisture in the air. The diameter of a rain drop is more than 5 mm.
- Sleet refers to precipitation in the form of pellets made up of transparent and translucent ice.
- This precipitation is a mixture of snow and rain.
- Snow is formed when condensation occurs below freezing point.
- It is the precipitation of opaque and semi opaque ice crystals.
- When these ice crystals collide and stick together, it becomes snowflakes. ‘
- Is the energy which makes objects hot, while temperature measures the intensity of heat.
14. How are Cyclones classified?
Cyclones Can be classified into
- Tropical cyclones
- Temperate cyclones
- Extra-Tropical cyclones.
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